Phyllostachys bambusoides - Madake
|Synonyms:||P. quiloi. P. reticulata. non Rupr. P. sulphurea. 'All Gold'.|
|Range:||E. Asia - China, Japan.|
The flowers from this plant are hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and they are pollinated by Wind
Soil InformationMadake will grow in light (sandy),medium (loamy),hard (clay) soil. It is not necessary for the soil to be well drained.
The soil prefers the following PH / acid levels :
- pH of less than 6, Acidic soils
- pH between 6 and 8, Neutral soils
- pH greater than 8, Basic soils
Madake prefers moist soils
Ideal Planting Locations
Woodland and especially on lower cleared slopes.
Planting places suited to this plant described below.
- Grows within a woodland garden
- Grows on a sunny edge
- Works within dappled Shade
- Grows in a shady edge
Cultivation DetailsRequires a rich loamy soil and plenty of moisture in the growing season plus a sheltered position. A very hardy plant[11, 25], tolerating temperatures down to about -18°c, but it dislikes prolonged exposure to hard frosts. Plants can reach 25 metres in height in their native habitat, they are much smaller in Britain but, even so, a height of 12 metres has been recorded in Cornwall. Cultivated for its edible shoots in China, it is the most widely grown bamboo in Japan for its useful canes. It has been widely planted for ornament in the Mediterranean and is becoming naturalized there. There are some named forms selected for their ornamental value. 'Castillon' has smaller culms than the species type, the edible shoots are less bitter. A plant of this cultivar at Trebah gardens in Cornwall was growing well in woodland shade, it was 5 metres tall with canes 20mm in diameter[K]. This is a good companion species to grow in a woodland because the plants are shallow rooted and do not compete with deep rooted trees. The rootstock is running but not aggressively so, especially in the cooler climate of Britain. New shoots are produced from late May. Individual stems can be long lived, staying leafy for up to 20 years. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus. Plants only flower at intervals of several years, viable seed is usually produced. When they do come into flower most of the plants energies are directed into producing seed and consequently the plant is severely weakened. They usually die after flowering, but if left alone they will sometimes recover though they will look very poorly for a few years. If fed with artificial NPK fertilizers at this time the plants are more likely to die.
Edible Uses** See disclaimer
Edible Rating: 4/5
Young shoots - cooked as a vegetable[25, 46, 105]. Large but somewhat acrid when raw, they require boiling in a lot of water or in several changes of water. The shoots are harvested in the spring when they are about 8cm above the ground, cutting them about 5cm below soil level. The shoots contain about 2.1% protein, 0.3% fat, 3.2% carbohydrate, 0.9% ash.
- Stem - this often intergrades into leaves.
Medicinal Uses** See disclaimer
Medicinal Rating: 1/5
The leaves are antipyretic. New shoots are used in the treatment of haematuria.
- Antipyretic - Treats fevers. See Febrifuge.
PropagationSeed - surface sow as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Grow on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out. Seed is rarely available. Division in spring as new growth commences. Divisions from the open ground do not transplant well, so will need careful treatment and nurturing under cover in pots until at least late spring. Division is best carried out in wet weather and small divisions will establish better than large clumps. Another report says that you can take large divisions from established clumps and transfer them straight to their permanent positions, misting or drenching them frequently until they are established. Basal cane cuttings in spring.
Known HazardsNone known
Other UsesThe plant has an extensive root system and is used for erosion control. The stems are used for making furniture, plant supports etc[46, 61, 74]. Fairly thick walled, the canes are considered to be the most versatile of this genus and are used in construction and other industrial uses. Even the dead culms are durable.
- Soil stabilization - Plants that can be grown in places such as sand dunes in order to prevent erosion by wind, water or other agents.
- Wood - A list of the trees and shrubs that are noted for having useful wood.
Cultivars'Castillon' - This cultivar has smaller culms than the species type, the edible shoots are less bitter. A plant of this cultivar at Trebah gardens in Cornwall was growing well in woodland shade, it was 5 metres tall with canes 20mm in diameter[K].
ReferencesTrees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Author: Bean. W.
Publisher : A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
Date of Publication : 1981
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Author: Huxley. A.
Publisher : Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
Date of Publication : 1992
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